The historical project that associated citizenship with progress, already with a homogeneous and light-skinned society with a European imaginary as mobile phone number list its center, seems to be taking its last steps. Not surprisingly, its nostalgics tend to explain the history of the last few decades in terms of decline. This is true in politically conservative views but also in others that are usually considered progressive. The ways in which progress and backwardness were historically linked with the ways of dealing with diversity, otherness and identity, explain at least partially this coincidence.
Also linked to the characteristics of this historical project is that the relationship between racism and nationalism is less linear than is sometimes mobile phone number list supposed, taking other nations as a model. There are many occasions when racist discourses appear associated with political identifications that are assumed to be "cosmopolitan" and explicitly hostile to nationalism, precisely because the "normality" with which identities are compared is associated with an external,
European ideal. society at the turn of the centuryxxiit is indeed more diverse and plural, it has made visible as never before the inadequacy of the mobile phone number list founding myth and, simultaneously, it has disappointed the expectations of development that also contributed to its construction.